STUDENT-CENTRED LEARNING

INTRODUCTION

Student-centred learning (SCL) is an approach to education, which aims at overcoming some of the problems inherent to more traditional forms of education by focusing on the learner and their needs, rather than being centred around the teacher's input.  This approach has many implications for the design and flexibility of curriculum, course content, and interactivity of the learning process and is being increasingly used at universities across Europe.

The concept of SCL was initially a theoretical model defined as such by pedagogy and education researchers, though attempts at empowering the learner to enhance the educational process have probably always existed wherever educators have strived to improve and reform.


 

 

INCLUSION IN THE BOLOGNA PROCESS

Student-centred learning is not among the thematic areas that have been tackled directly in the Bologna Process from the onset. However, many of the priority work plan themes discussed early on in the Bologna Process tackled aspects that helped make learner-centred education more of a reality. This included flexibility tools such as ECTS, mobility, improved recognition, qualification frameworks and others. Also, parts of the ministerial conference communiques reaffirmed the importance of the educational mission of universities.

Student-centred learning was fully taken into the process during the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve ministerial conference, in 2009. This constituted an important reassertion of the teaching mission of Higher Education, which – while central to the creation of a coherent European Higher Education Area – had been often overlooked in the development of the Bologna Process.

We reassert the importance of the teaching mission of higher education institutions and the necessity for ongoing curricular reform geared toward the development of learning outcomes. Student-centred learning requires empowering individual learners, new approaches to teaching and learning, effective support and guidance structures and a curriculum focused more clearly on the learner in all three cycles. Curricular reform will thus be an ongoing process leading to high quality, flexible and more individually tailored education paths. Academics, in close cooperation with student and employer representatives, will continue to develop learning outcomes and international reference points for a growing number of subject areas. We ask the higher education institutions to pay particular attention to improving the teaching quality of their study programmes at all levels. This should be a priority in the further implementation of the European Standards and Guidelines for quality assurance.

Source: Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué, 2009

With the Bucharest Communiqué (2012), the Ministers reiterated their committed to “Establish conditions that foster student-centred learning, innovative teaching methods and a supportive and inspiring working and learning environment, while continuing to involve students and staff in governance structures at all levels”.

In the Yerevan Communiqué (2015), the Ministers confirmed that "Enhancing the quality and relevance of learning and teaching is the main mission of the EHEA."

"We will encourage and support higher education institutions and staff in promoting pedagogical innovation in student-centred learning environments and in fully exploiting the potential benefits of digital technologies for learning and teaching."

Source: Yerevan Communiqué 2015.

TOP
Situs Togel 4D Bo Togel Bandar Togel Deposit Pulsa Agen Togel Deposit Ovo Togel Bet 100 Perak Bandar Togel Terbesar Toto Togel Bandar Togel 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya Daftar Akun Togel Resmi Daftar Bandar Togel Terbesar Slot Bet 250 Perak Bandar togel terpercaya Agen Slot dan Togel agen togel deposit ovo situs togel 4d Nama Situs Togel Terpercaya slot pragmatic Kpktoto Slot Bonus 100 Situs Judi Slot Terbaik Slot Gacor Slot Online Slot Pragmatic Bandar Togel Terpercaya Link Slot Gacor Dingdong Togel Slot Deposit Pulsa Situs Slot Terpercaya Situs Slot Judi Online Agen Slot Online BO Togel Bandar Togel Terpercaya 5 Bandar Togel Terpercaya Agen Togel Bet 100 Perak Situs Judi Slot Online Toto Togel Agen Togel Resmi Bandar Togel Deposit Pulsa Dingdong Togel Situs Togel Terbesar Bandar Darat Togel Togel Toto Online Togel Singapore BO Togel Bet 100 Perak Agen Togel Deposit Pulsa Situs Bandar Togel Hadiah 4D 10 Juta 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya 5 Bandar Togel Terpercaya Situs Slot Deposit Pulsa Agen Slot Online Togel Hari Bandar Togel Terbesar Akun Slot Bet Agen Togel Online Game Situs Judi Slot Situs Judi Slot Resmi Game Slot Game Judi Slot Online Slot Game Bonus New Member 100 Agen Togel terpercaya 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya Agen Togel Online Agen Togel Terpercaya Agen Togel Singapore Togel Toto Macau Situs Togel Resmi Situs Togel Terpercaya 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya Situs Togel Terpercaya Nama Situs Togel Terpercaya Situs Bandar Judi Togel Situs Togel BRI Online 24 Jam situs togel dan slot situs togel deposit pulsa SITUS TOGEL DEPOSIT VIA DANA situs togel online Situs Togel Resmi situs togel terbaik 5 bandar togel terpercaya BANDAR DARAT TOGEL Bandar Lotre Togel Bandar Togel Bet 100 Rupiah Bandar Togel Hadiah 2D 100rb bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta terpercaya BANDAR TOGEL HADIAH 4D 10 JUTA Situs Slot Bet 100 Perak situs bandar togel terpercaya Bandar Togel Deposit Pulsa Situs Slot Situs Slot deposit Pulsa Situs Judi Slot Bonus 100 Agen Slot Dan Togel Toto Slot Bandar Togel Hadiah 4D 10 Juta Situs Togel Online Situs Slot Togel Terlengkap Agen Slot BO Togel Agen Togel Online Situs Bandar Togel Dan Slot Bandar Togel Lengkap Situs Togel Togel Deposit Pulsa Slot Gacor Bandar Togel Lengkap Situs Slot Agen Slot dan Togel 5 Bandar Togel Terpercaya Bo Togel dan Slot Situs Togel Toto Togel Bandar Darat BANDAR TOGEL HADIAH 4D 10 JUTA Judi togel Togel Hadiah 2D 100rb Bandar Togel Dan Slot Togel Bet 100 Lotre Togel bandar darat togel 5 bandar togel terpercaya Situs Togel Terpercaya bandar judi terpercaya Bandar Togel Terbesar Bandar Togel Online bandar togel bandar togel terpercaya hadiah terbesar judi togel bandar togel terbesar situs judi online bandar togel terbesar Togel Online Bandar Togel Bolak Balik Dibayar Bandar Togel Lengkap situs togel Bandar Togel Togel Hadiah 4d Terbesar bandar togel hadiah terbesar Bandar Togel Hadiah 4d Terbesar judi togel Togel Online Terbaik Situs Togel Resmi Situs Togel Terbesar Bandar Lotre Togel Togel Kamboja Dingdong Togel Bandar Togel Terbesar dan Terpercaya Bandar Togel Terpercaya Bandar Togel Online Daftar Bandar Togel Agen Togel Online Agen Togel Togel Deposit Via Dana 5 Bandar togel terpercaya bandar togel terpercaya agen togel terpercaya slot online situs judi slot Situs Bonus New Member Slot Gacor 10 Situs Bandar Togel Slot Online Agen Slot Online Slot Pragmatic Slot Pragmatic Agen Togel Lengkap Bandar Togel Hadiah 4d 10 Juta Slot Resmi Bo Togel Situs Togel Terpercaya 5 Bandar Togel Terpercaya Agen Bo Togel Bandar Togel Slot Pragmatic Judi Slot Pragmatic Situs Slot Bonus New Member 100 Ribu agen togel online Agen Togel Terpercaya toto togel 5 Bandar Togel Terpercaya Bandar Togel Terpercaya Bandar Togel Online Situs Togel Resmi Agen Slot Judi Slot Online Toto Macau 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya Togel Seratus Slot Pulsa Tanpa Potongan Situs Slot Gacor pasaran togel lengkap Bo Togel Togel deposit pulsa Agen Judi Slot Online Terpercaya Situs Slot Gacor Mesin Slot Situs Judi Slot Online Bandar Togel dan Slot Agen Judi Slot Pragmatic Slot Online Via Dana Link Slot Gacor Agen Slot Terpercaya Bo Togel Online 10 Situs Togel Terpercaya dan Terbesar Game Slot Situs Game Slot Online Agen Judi Togel Bandar Togel Daftar Akun Togel Online Bandar Togel Terpercaya Hadiah Terbesar